Cloud Data Warehouse: A Definitive Guide For Your Business

Why Does Your Business Need a Cloud Data Warehouse?

Data analytics activities are at the heart of revenue generation, cost containment, and profit optimization. That’s why every business requires a scalable, reliable, and secure data warehouse solution for managing and analyzing large quantities of organizational data.
Data warehouse systems help collate data from various sources to produce a consolidated data repository, easing data analysis and reporting. However, traditional data warehouse systems are installed on work sites and mostly require trained staff to manage them. This limits access to rich data from anywhere, reducing a company’s ability to make informed decisions quickly.
A cloud data warehouse, on the other hand, is a solution managed and hosted by a cloud service provider. Along with the inherent flexibility of a cloud environment, cloud data warehouses provide the advantage of utilizing advanced analytics that enable improved operations, better customer services, and enhanced decision-making, proving to be a crucial solution for modern businesses.

Cloud Data Warehouse: Highlights

How Does a Cloud Data Warehouse Work?

Data Integration

Data Storage

Schema Design

Query Processing

Top Cloud Data Warehouse Benefits

1. Scalability

2. Elasticity

3. Cost Savings

4. Rapid Deployment

5. Seamless Integrations

6. Advanced Analytics and Insights

Key Features of a Cloud Data Warehouse

  • Supports high-performance queries on large data volumes
  • Ideal for managing big data projects
  • Consists of multiple servers running in parallel to distribute processing and input/output (I/O) loads
  • Data is stored and processed in columns instead of rows, which reduces the time taken to return a query
  • Highly flexible for analytics and reporting
  • Distributed computing and MPP techniques help assign query workloads across multiple nodes
  • Rapid query performance, even on large datasets, as the workload is divided and processed in parallel
  • Data compression and deduplication capabilities to automatically scale up or down storage as needed
  • Scalable storage leads to cost and space optimization and improved performance
  • Cloud data warehouses can store your data from disparate sources in one place
  • Flexibility and agility to access your data from anywhere
  • Extensive data integration capabilities to connect disparate data sources
  • Robust tools for creating and managing datasets, setting permissions, and running queries
  • In-memory caching, parallel query processing, and columnar storage to ensure high database performance
  • Accurate data safety with automated backups & disaster recovery
  • Easy to integrate extensive tools to create and manage databases, run queries, and set permissions
  • Granular access control with data encryption, user authentication, and authorization for data access
  • Compliance with national, regional, and industry-specific regulations such as GDPR, HIPAA, PCI DSS, etc.

Cloud Data Warehouses vs. Traditional On-Premise Data Warehouses

Differentiating Parameter
On-Premise Data Warehouse
Cloud Data Warehouse
Organizations need to procure and maintain hardware infrastructure, including servers, storage, and networking equipment
Infrastructure is hosted and managed by cloud service providers
Significant investments are required to expand capacity
Scale resources up or down based on demand, datasets, or workloads
Higher upfront costs for infrastructure, software licenses, and ongoing maintenance
Pay-as-you-go: Organizations pay only for the resources they consume
Deployment Time
More time and effort to procure, set up, and configure hardware and software components
Organizations can provision and configure a cloud data warehouse within hours or days
Maintenance and Upgrades
Need to hire the services of managed IT support teams
Maintenance and upgrades are handled by the cloud vendor
Data Integration
Requires additional effort and customizations to connect to different data sources
Seamless integration with various data sources and tools
Security and Compliance
Organizations need to implement and manage their security measures
Robust built-in security such as rest and transit encryption, access controls, and compliance certifications
Accessibility and Collaboration
VPNs or other remote access mechanisms are required to access data outside the office network
Fosters collaboration and real-time data sharing across distributed teams through internet-connected devices

Everyday Use Cases of Cloud Data Warehouses

Business Intelligence and Reporting

E-commerce and Retail Analytics

Financial Risk Analysis

Healthcare Analytics

Gaming Personalization

What is Cloud Data Warehouse Automation and How Does It Work?

Cloud data warehouse automation refers to the process of automating various tasks and workflows associated with the management, provisioning, and optimization of a cloud data warehouse. It involves using tools, scripts, and frameworks to streamline and simplify the data warehouse’s setup, operation, and maintenance.

A cloud data warehouse automates the following tasks:

Automated Monitoring:

Monitoring the DWH infrastructure and query performance to proactively identify issues and apply remedial actions.

Automated Alerting:

Dashboards and alerts to track system health, resource utilization, and query performance metrics.

Scaling & Elasticity:

Dynamically define scaling policies and triggers to allocate computing and storage resources for gaining optimal performance and cost efficiency.

Security & Compliance:

Automated, predefined security configurations and compliance checks to ensure data protection and regulatory compliance.

Backup & Disaster Recovery:

Scheduling regular backups, replicating data across different regions or availability zones, and automating the recovery process in case of failures.


Setting up the necessary computing and storage resources, configuring network settings, and establishing security measures.


Automated scripts to define infrastructure as code, enabling consistent and repeatable deployments.

Data Integration & ETL:

Connecting to various data sources for extracting, transforming, and loading data into the cloud DWH.

Schema Design & Management:

DWH schema and structure management through the automation of tasks such as creating tables, defining relationships, managing data partitions, and indexing.

Performance Optimization:

Analyzing query patterns, identifying performance bottlenecks, and automatically applying optimizations to improve query performance.

How to Choose the Right Cloud Data Warehouse?

It’s important to choose a cloud data warehouse solution that best fits your organization’s requirements, ensuring scalability, compatibility, cost-efficiency, security, and long-term value.

10 Factors to Consider When Choosing a Cloud Data Warehouse

  • Assess the volume and velocity of your data, as well as the expected growth in the future.
  • Ensure the DWH can handle your workload requirements and deliver the performance required for your analytical needs.
  • Analyze the compatibility of the cloud DWH with your existing data infrastructure and tools.
  • Consider the ease of integration with your data sources, such as databases, data lakes, and streaming platforms.
  • Check whether the data warehouse supports the query language and analytics tools you use or plan to use.
  • Compare the pricing structures of different providers, including storage costs, compute costs, and any additional charges for data transfer or data egress.
  • Calculate your budget and projected data usage to evaluate the solution’s cost-effectiveness.
  • Evaluate the cloud DWH’s security features, data encryption, access controls, audit logging, and compliance certifications.
  • Ensure the data warehouse meets your organization’s security requirements and complies with relevant regulations and industry standards.
  • Review the DWH’s data partitioning, retention policies, backup and recovery mechanisms, and data lineage tracking.
  • These capabilities ensure data quality, consistency, and regulatory compliance.
  • Examine the uptime guarantees, disaster recovery capabilities, and customer support offered by the DWH vendor.
  • Scrutinize the vendor’s track record, customer reviews, and service-level agreements to assess their reliability and ability to support your organization’s needs.
  • Find out if the DWH vendor offers an extensive ecosystem of tools and services to provide additional flexibility and capabilities for your data workflows.
  • Check if the provider offers compatible tools and services for data integration, analytics, visualization, and machine learning.
  • Gauge the DWH’s usability by evaluating its user interface, ease of provisioning and managing resources, availability of documentation and training resources, and community support.
  • Choose a well-supported cloud DWH with a user-friendly interface to accelerate user adoption.
  • Future-proof your Cloud DWH investment by choosing a provider with a strong focus on innovation.
  • Assess the provider’s roadmap for enhancements and innovation and their commitment to adopting new technologies such as ML, AI, and advanced analytics.
  • Evaluate the potential vendor lock-in associated with the cloud data warehouse.
  • Consider the portability of your data and applications if you switch providers.
  • Assess if the data warehouse supports open standards and data formats to facilitate easy migration if needed.

How Fingent Facilitates Your Move to Cloud Data Warehouse?

Several leading cloud data warehouse vendors offer similar functionality in terms of scalability, flexibility, reliability, and security. However, choosing the right DWH provider can never be a daunting task when you associate with a trusted software development partner.
Being a top custom software development company, Fingent provides dedicated data warehouse development services, including cloud DWH consulting, designing, quality assurance, and implementation with migration and modernization support.
Need to implement a high-performing cloud data warehouse that meets your unique storage, integration, processing, migration, or analytics requirements? Get in touch with us right away.

Frequently Asked Questions

Cloud data warehouses allow businesses to store and manage large amounts of organizational data in the public cloud. Cloud DWHs offer organizations inherent flexibility, scalability, interoperability, usability, performance, and speed, allowing them to focus on running their business efficiently instead of managing a server room or buying/ maintaining expensive hardware.
  • Faster insights with AI, ML, and predictive analytics
  • Higher speed and performance with better uptime
  • Eliminates the costs associated with procuring hardware, server rooms, manpower, maintenance, upgrades, overhead, and installation
  • On-demand storage, scalability, elasticity, and interoperability
  • Automated backups and robust disaster recovery
  • Seamless integration with diverse data sources
Listed below are five of the top cloud DWH solutions:
  • Amazon Redshift
  • Azure SQL Database
  • Google BigQuery
  • Azure Cosmos DB + Azure Synapse Analytics
  • Snowflake