What is a Technology Stack?
A technology stack, also known as a software stack or development stack, is a combination of programming languages, frameworks, libraries, tools, and technologies that are used to develop and deploy a software application or system.
A tech stack provides a standardized and organized approach to software development, enabling developers to leverage the existing tools, libraries, and frameworks to build efficient and reliable applications. In other words, a tech stack represents the layers of software components and infrastructure that work together to create a functioning software product.
Layers and Components That Constitute a Technology Stack
There are three key components that make up a tech stack:
DIFFERENT LAYERS THAT CONSTITUTE A TECH STACK
1. Operating System (OS)
2. Server-Side Programming
3. Web Server
5. Client-Side Programming
6. Frontend Frameworks/ Libraries
7. Deployment & Infrastructure
The specific technologies and components chosen for each layer may vary depending on your project requirements, scalability needs, performance considerations, target platforms (web, mobile, desktop), and your software development partner’s expertise.
Top 10 Tech Stacks Used for Software Development in 2023
- A classic, time-tested stack of technologies that stands for – Linux (Operating System), Apache (Web Server), MySQL (Database), and PHP (Programming Language).
- LAMP is one of the first open-source software stacks commonly used to develop and deliver web applications today.
- Efficiently handles dynamic web pages wherein content changes each time when a page is loaded.
- Allows you to choose components based on your specific business requirements. For instance, instead of Linux OS, you can choose Windows OS to form a WAMP stack or macOS to form a MAMP stack. You can also swap PHP in the stack with Perl or Python to get the desired results.
- MEAN stack comprises MongoDB (Database), Express.js (Backend framework), Angular (Frontend framework), and Node.js (Runtime environment).
- All the technologies in MEAN stack are free and open-source and are supported by a vibrant community.
- MEAN stack technologies are ideal for cloud hosting since they are flexible, scalable, and extensible. The stack can be deployed easily as it includes its own web server.
- The database can be scaled on-demand to accommodate usage spikes temporarily.
- When you replace Angular in the MEAN stack with React, it becomes MERN. React is one of the most popular frameworks used for building high-end, single-page applications with interactive UI.
- React uses Virtual DOM (Document Object Model), that allows changes to be implemented easily.
- Since React is a library and not a framework, developers may have to rely on third-party services to build the desired functionalities.
- Ruby on Rails (RoR), or simply Rails, is a server-side web application framework written in Ruby under the MIT license.
- Rails is an open source, object-oriented, model–view–controller (MVC) framework that provides default structures for a database, a web service, and web pages.
- ROR offers innovative features such as seamless database table creations, migrations, and scaffolding of views to enable rapid application development.
- .NET is an open-source developer platform made up of tools, programming languages, and libraries for building modern, scalable, and high-performing desktop, web, and mobile applications that can run natively on any operating system.
- There are various implementations of .NET that allow the .NET code to execute on different operating systems – Linux, macOS, Windows, iOS, Android, and many more.
- C#, F#, and Visual Basic are the three Microsoft-supported languages for NET development. There are many third-party created languages that work well with the .NET platform.
- .NET is a highly coveted software development platform due to its advantages such as ease of development, code reusability, extensive support for high-performing applications, strong built in security measures, and active community support.
- Django is a high-level Python web framework that encourages rapid web development with a clean, pragmatic design. Both Python and Django are widely used together for building full-stack applications.
- Developers can combine the stack with Apache web server, MySQL, and the Django framework for server-side development.
- Django supports low-code web app development and also helps manage rising volumes of traffic and API requests to meet changing business needs.
- Flutter is an open source framework by Google for building multi-platform applications from a single codebase.
- Flutter is powered by Dart, a programming language optimized for fast apps on any platform.
- Flutter can use Google’s Firebase on the backend which allows you to build highly scalable applications.
- Flutter’s built-in widget catalog and UI toolkit allow you to build high-performing, natively compiled mobile apps with visually exciting application elements.
- Applications built using React Native provide a high level of reliability and performance and deliver a superior user experience.
- The framework allows developers to reuse up to 100% of their code between different environments which saves a lot of development time.
- Java Enterprise Edition (JEE) provides a platform for developers with enterprise features such as distributed computing and web services.
- Java EE applications are usually run on reference run times such as microservers or application servers, which are ideal for creating e-commerce, accounting, and banking information systems.
- Java EE technology is the de-facto standard for delivering secure, robust, scalable multi-platform applications and services that are portable across all the Java compatible, Enterprise Edition products available today.
- Java EE has several specifications for making web pages, reading and writing from databases in a transactional way, and managing distributed queues.
- Serverless architecture is one of the latest trends in software development that allows developers to focus solely on the application code instead of worrying about infrastructure and server management.
- The serverless stack leverages cloud computing services such as AWS Lambda, Google Cloud Functions, and Azure Functions to create scalable and cost-effective applications without dedicated servers.
- Since the serverless architecture is based on the Functions as a Service (FaaS) model, you don’t have to pay for unused server resources, which makes the stack highly cost-effective.
- Serverless stack makes it easy to manage traffic spikes and server resources during peak times since the cloud provider automatically scales the application up or down based on the number of requests.
Benefits of Using Technology Stacks in Software Development
7 Tips For Choosing Your Technology Stack
Сhoosing, the right technology stack for your web development is a success factor for a project. Aligning technology stack opportunities with your web development functionalities might not suffice in each case, as there are multiple factors to look upon when choosing a technology stack for your project. Here are seven aspects that can help you make the right choice.
7 Factors to Consider when Choosing the Right Tech Stack
1. Define the scope of the project
2. Scalability requirements
3. Technology & Team Expertise
4. Time to market
5. Security requirements
7. Development Cost
“Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four hours sharpening the axe.”
– Abraham Lincoln
What Should Be Your Next Step?
Once you have compared and analyzed different technology stacks and discovered the best stack that fits your project, the next step is to start the software development process. But before you start, there is some groundwork to be done which involves these steps.
Plan the development process, determine the project scope, set timelines and milestones, and allocate resources accordingly.
Hire software developers and experts depending on the size and complexity of your project. Ensure your team has the necessary skills and experience to deliver the project.
Install the necessary software, tools, and libraries for setting up your development environment. Configure the environment correctly and provide the required level of access to your team members.
Develop a working Minimum Viable Product (MVP) that you can share with users to validate your idea. Add more features and functionalities based on the user feedback.
Testing and Deployment
Test the application thoroughly to identify and resolve bugs, ensure the application works as intended to give the desired results, and deploy it to the production environment.
How Fingent Helps?
Being a top custom software development company, Fingent adopts the most efficient and modern technology stacks that can make your software products highly competitive and capable of fulfilling your organization’s unique requirements. Here are some of the best practices we follow when selecting software stacks for our clients’ development projects:
With the right tech stack and a skilled software development team by your side, you can build innovative software solutions that solve your business challenges and delight your users. If you have any questions on tech stack selection or need free software consulting services, get in touch with our team.
Picking on the right technology stack for web development is an important marker of the company’s priorities and culture. It is a huge responsibility that must be done with careful research and planning. Various factors, such as your web application’s speed, quality, and security level, will depend on the chosen technology stack. Hence, it is advisable to identify the pros and cons of the various technology stacks in the market.
Choosing the right technology stack is a crucial step in your product development and is key to its success. Here are the key pointers to consider when selecting a tech stack.
- >> Application size, type, and complexity
- >> Team knowledge and upskilling
- >> End-user experience and time to market
- >> Security and scalability
- >> Cost and overall value of the tech stack.
Migrating your less-performing or outdated tech stack to a tech stack of your choice is possible. However, it is a relatively time-consuming and costly process. Switching to the right tech stack may skyrocket the growth of your application. It requires rigorous analysis and perfect planning before deciding to move.
Choosing the wrong tech stack can result in operational problems that can pile up until they become unstoppable.
- >> The need to update your existing software with a modern technology stack.
- >> Vulnerable to security threats
- >> Limitations in creating and adding new features to the software
- >> Lack of knowledge in your in-house team who can use the tech stack
- >> Tech stack without scalability feature results in crises as your business grows