Table of Contents
- Criteria to Select The Right Cloud Service Provider
- How Can Cloud Support Your Custom Software Needs?
- SaaS vs. IaaS vs. PaaS: Which Cloud Service Model Fits Your Business?
- Top Cloud Computing Trends To Follow
- How Does Fingent Help You Adopt The Right Cloud Service Model?
- Frequently Asked Questions on Cloud Service Models
A Quick Introduction to Cloud Service Models
Cloud computing services and models are gaining tremendous momentum, with more businesses migrating their workloads from on-premise infrastructures to cloud. The ability to use IT infrastructure, software applications, and platforms via the internet has transformed the way businesses operate today. Brands selling products and services online, such as ecommerce companies, virtual collaboration apps, elearning, and telehealth providers leverage at least one or all of the cloud service models to run their business successfully.
A robust cloud strategy is inevitable to build a successful business strategy. And the most important part of your cloud strategy is to choose the right cloud service model(s) for your organization. Cloud service models are part of the broader trend – “Everything as a Service” or “XaaS.” As you explore the cloud service models, you will find options like IaaS, SaaS, PaaS, and similar terms. Choosing the right cloud service model depends on your infrastructure availability, portability of your application and data, IT staff and resources, cost considerations, compliance specifications, cloud security requirements, and scalability needs. Every cloud service model provides different levels of control and management. So, it’s important to know which model makes the most sense for your business needs.
Statista reports that in 2021, the total global spending on public IT cloud services amounted to almost 409 billion USD. The largest spending segment was Software as a Service (SaaS), with an approximate annual revenue of 249 billion USD. More legacy business applications are getting replaced with data-driven SaaS applications, ideal for modern cloud architectures. Choosing one or more cloud service models will save your money on hardware and software, and help you manage business applications with greater flexibility and speed, and minimal vendor lock-in.
Source: IDC Worldwide Semiannual Public Cloud Services Tracker, 2H 2021
Why Does Your Business Need Cloud Computing?
Cloud helps create more seamless business solutions by integrating your applications, deployments, and networks. It provides numerous opportunities to design and deliver new digital services for your customers and employees. Cloud enables your business to respond quickly to the changing needs during periods of disruption. Here are a few reasons why your business needs cloud computing solutions.
What are Cloud Service Models?
Based on the level of flexibility, control, and management you need, you can decide how you want to deploy cloud for managing enterprise workloads. There are three main types of cloud computing service models – SaaS (Software as a Service), IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service), and PaaS (Platform as a Service).
1. Software as a Service (SaaS)
Software as a service (SaaS) is a software licensing and distribution model in which your full-application stack is delivered as a cloud service. Your software application and its underlying infrastructure is centrally hosted on your vendor’s cloud service, and is fully maintained and updated by them. The vendor controls the entire computing stack, which you can access through a web browser. Your applications run on the cloud and you can use the vendor’s cloud services by paying a license fee or get it for free with limited access. SaaS does not require any installations or downloads in your existing computing infrastructure. This eliminates the need for installing applications separately on each device you use. Application maintenance and support is handled by the vendor. Common examples of SaaS include Google Workspace, Microsoft 365, Slack, InfinCE and ReachOut Suite among others.
2. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
3. Platform as a Service (PaaS)
Adopting Cloud – Choosing Between SaaS, IaaS, and PaaS
All the three cloud service delivery models – SaaS, IaaS, and PaaS – offer enterprises unique advantages in terms of cloud application development, deployment, and maintenance. By comparing each model, you can decide which cloud model is right for your business requirements.
Why Should You Opt SaaS?
SaaS is the ideal choice for small businesses and startups that do not have the necessary budget and resources to deploy on-premise hardware. SaaS applications have simplified remote collaboration, transferring of content, and scheduling virtual meetings in a pandemic-affected world. Companies that require frequent collaboration on their projects will find SaaS platforms useful.
Statista estimates that by the end of 2022, the worldwide SaaS end-user spending will be valued at 171.9 billion USD, 16% more than what it was in 2021. Supply Chain Management, Business Intelligence, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), and Project and Portfolio Management will see the fastest growth in end-user spending on SaaS applications, through 2022.
Points to Consider Before SaaS Implementation
Why Should You Opt IaaS?
IaaS is the most flexible cloud model that helps manage and customize your IT hardware infrastructure according to your requirements. Whether you are running a startup, a small business, or a large enterprise, IaaS gives you access to all the essential computing resources, including storage, computing, and networking, without forcing you to purchase them.
ResearchAndMarkets reports that the global IaaS market value is projected to reach $279.5 billion by 2027 at a CAGR of 27.2%. Sharing large amounts of information over the cloud will reduce your capital expenditure and convert it into operational expenses, making IaaS a highly cost-effective way to support your operations.
Points to Consider Before IaaS Implementation
Why Should You Opt PaaS?
PaaS is a great choice if your project involves multiple developers and vendors. PaaS solutions are specific to application and software development and typically include cloud infrastructure, middleware software, and user interface. You don’t have to face the hurdles like procuring, deploying, running, and managing infrastructure. PaaS reduces the operational burden on developers and ITOps teams.
Developers only need to write the code and manage the apps and data, while the software development platform is maintained and managed by the PaaS provider. This significantly lowers your development cycle. It is easy to create customized applications as the PaaS provider leases all the essential computing and networking resources.
According to Statista, the global platform as a service (PaaS) market is estimated to be worth approximately 136 billion USD in 2023. Currently, PaaS accounts for about 20% of the worldwide cloud services market.
Points to Consider Before PaaS Implementation
Why is it Important to Choose the Right Cloud Service Model?
The rise of remote and hybrid work culture, which became a common trend during the COVID-19 pandemic, has increased the need for streamlined workplace collaboration and secure data storage facilities. Cloud computing has the potential to drive efficiency and uncover new opportunities for companies functioning remotely, without the need for any significant capital investment. Cloud helps businesses, customers, partners, and employees to stay connected, regardless of where they are located. However, it is essential to choose the right cloud service model to truly gain the advantage and remain competitive in the market.
The ultimate requirement of any enterprise today is to quickly adapt to the growing market changes and address the rising consumer demands. To achieve this, you need to implement the latest technologies, such as automation, Artificial Intelligence, IoT, facial and biometric recognition, AR, VR, and Blockchain. But all of that is possible only if you have a robust cloud infrastructure and cloud-based software.
Implementing the right cloud service model helps meet your enterprise’s infrastructure needs in the shortest span, without any heavy investment. It provides you the flexibility to scale your computing resources, adapt to new company processes and workflows, design new products and services, and accomplish business transformation with ease.
Criteria to Select The Right Cloud Service Provider
Understand your specific business needs before selecting a cloud service provider. Prepare a checklist including all your requirements related to technical, data governance, security, and service management. Assess the potential cloud vendors by comparing them against your checklist. Here are some key areas to consider.
How Can Cloud Support Your Custom Software Needs?
The capabilities and offerings of cloud are not limited to data storage, recovery, or backup. Cloud helps manage your company’s complex IT operations, including setting up and running an environment for custom software development. Cloud service models like Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS) offer the right ecosystem to build custom software applications. PaaS offers users a suite of prebuilt tools to develop, customize, and test your own applications.
SaaS vs. IaaS vs. PaaS: Which Cloud Service Model Fits Your Business?
Choosing a cloud service model for your business should be based on the level of flexibility, control, and management you need. A few potential scenarios are listed here.
When Do You Need SaaS?
Select SaaS cloud model when you want to:
When Do You Need IaaS?
Select IaaS cloud model when you want to:
When Do You Need PaaS?
Select PaaS cloud model when you want to:
Top Cloud Computing Trends To Follow
The massive ongoing adoption of cloud computing has been a key enabler of the most transformative tech trends that businesses need to leverage today.
1 Hybrid Cloud and Multi-Cloud
Early cloud services typically asked the user to choose between private and public cloud solutions. When public cloud offered more pay as you go services, private cloud systems focused on providing more secure data storage.
The rise of hybrid cloud aims to offer users the best of both worlds. Hybrid cloud combines public cloud and on-premises infrastructure, including private cloud, to enable data and applications to be shared between them. Multi-cloud computing refers to using multiple cloud computing services from more than one cloud provider, including private and public clouds, in a heterogeneous environment.
|Example of Multi-Cloud||Example of Hybrid Cloud|
|An organization hosting its web front-end application on AWS, while keeping its Exchange servers on Microsoft Azure||Combining your on-premises data center with a public cloud computing environment like Google Cloud|
According to Flexera’s State of The Cloud Report, 89% of organizations reported having a multi-cloud strategy and 80% are taking a hybrid approach, as of 2022.
Source: Flexera 2022 State of The Cloud Report
2 Cloud-Fueled AI and ML
Cloud-fueled AI and ML allow organizations to access the computing power and resources they need to drive innovation, uncover in-depth insights, and make their operations more efficient and cost-effective. Some of the recent AI/ML use cases in customized marketing, recommendations to upsell and cross-sell, healthcare analysis during COVID-19, and logistics and distribution efficiency were made truly possible with the support of cloud services. The disposability, elasticity, and scalability of cloud infrastructure can boost AI and ML software applications. Cloud offers access to large-scale data stores and compute resources that can infer, store, and process high-velocity real-time streaming data, mandatory for training AI models.
Gartner predicts that by 2023, cloud-based AI will increase up to five times from 2019, making AI one of the top cloud services.
3 Cloud Security
The growth of the cloud computing landscape has triggered the need for robust cloud security provisions. To strike the right balance between productivity and security, organizations will opt for multi-cloud security that best aligns with their varying platforms. To prevent hackers from targeting the weak links in the supply chain, cybersecurity experts will devise measures to stop cyber attackers from moving laterally. This can be done by reducing the privileges and entitlements for every internal and external identity. Secure Access Service Edge (SASE) and Zero Trust frameworks will enable fast and secure cloud adoption.
TechRepublic reports that the global cloud security market will surpass $123 billion by 2032.
4 Low-Code and No-Code Cloud Services
Widespread dispersal of organizations and distributed workplaces have accelerated the low-code and no-code movement. People with little or no developer experience (non-IT professionals or citizen developers) can leverage no-code/ low-code frameworks to quickly create scalable business applications that meet the changing industry demands. Pre-built functions and integrations and drag-and-drop functionality of low-code/ no-code platforms empower your workforce to automate workflows and case management activities, integrate with existing systems, incorporate complex business logic, and drive a slick user experience.
According to Statista, the global low-code platform market revenue is estimated to be worth 65 billion USD in 2027, with a projected CAGR of 26% over the forecast period 2018-2025.
5 Serverless Cloud Computing
Serverless computing redefines the way enterprises develop, deploy, and integrate cloud-native applications by eliminating the need for manual infrastructure provisioning and management. It allows developers to focus on optimizing code and application design, without worrying about code execution as it is handled by the cloud service provider. Serverless helps tackle the problem of allocating cloud compute resources by automating scaling decisions of workload services in line with actual service demand. Efficient allocation and usage of cloud resources lead to better cost savings, by avoiding both waste and loss.
According to Gartner, the best manifestation of serverless computing is “function Platform as a Service”, or fPaaS. Gartner predicts that by 2025, 50% of global enterprises will have deployed fPaaS, up from only 20% today.
How Does Fingent Help You Adopt The Right Cloud Service Model?
Despite knowing that cloud is their destination, some organizations get stranded in the middle of an experimental mindset that slows down their efforts to adopt and scale to cloud. Fingent helps such organizations identify a clear business case for scaling up their use of cloud. Our cloud application development, implementation, and maintenance services have helped leading brands, including Fortune 500 companies to outmaneuver uncertainties and sustain operations under severe disruption.
Fingent helps migrate your workloads to the cloud rapidly and securely by selecting the right infrastructure for your needs. We help leverage the innovation and investments made by leading cloud providers, such as AWS, Azure, Google Cloud, SAP, IBM Cloud, and others to work for your business. Using cloud-native architectures, applications and data, we help accelerate your organizational speed and agility. Our cloud infrastructure maintenance and development services are designed to ensure higher levels of business performance and sustainability.
We understand the heart of your business. Maximize the value of your cloud investments by partnering with our experts.
Frequently Asked Questions on Cloud Service Models
Based on the type of service offered, there are three kinds of cloud service models: Software as a Service (SaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), and Platform as a Service (PaaS).
SaaS examples: Microsoft 365, Google Workspace, Slack IaaS examples: Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, Google Compute Engine PaaS examples: AWS Elastic Beanstalk, Google App Engine, VMware Cloud Foundry
The most commonly used cloud service model is Software as a Service (SaaS), with the global SaaS market share projected to reach $145 billion in revenue by the end of 2022, according to research analyst Gartner.
Before selecting a cloud service provider, you need to verify their technology and service roadmap, certifications and industry standards, SLAs, terms, and conditions, disaster recovery and backup resilience plans, cybersecurity policies, data governance and management, downtime planning, company profile, clientele, migration support, steps to avoid vendor lock-in, and similar factors.
The most maintenance free cloud service model is Software as a Service. SaaS enables companies to benefit from application usage without the need to maintain and update infrastructure, platform, and application components. Some of the most commonly used online office tools, collaboration apps, ERPs, and email are SaaS-based.
Platform as a Service (PaaS) is the most cost-effective way for developers to focus on building a highly optimized application, without bothering about software updates on the backend. Businesses don’t need to invest in expensive hardware as the PaaS vendors provide and maintain hardware infrastructure: servers, storage, and networking resources.