What are the most trending technology stacks of 2021?
What are the crucial things that you would consider when developing a software for your business or startup? Along with planning your budget, time, and effort, you need to choose the right technology stack to get your project off the ground successfully.
What is a software stack? Why do you need to choose one? What are the popular development stacks out there in the current market? This post explores.
What is a technology stack?
A technology stack, also known as software stack or development stack is a data ecosystem that enlists the underlying tools, frameworks, and libraries used to build and run your application. For instance, Facebook’s exhaustive application stack includes PHP, React, GraphQL, Cassandra, Hadoop, Swift, and a host of other frameworks.
Why choose a software stack to develop your application?
Software stacks are to your applications, what a deep foundation and girders are to a building. The competitiveness and viability of your application depend upon the technology stack that you choose. Your software stack choice has a long say in your web application development as it influences:
- How your app works
- How it will behave in the future
- The scalability of your product
- The purpose of your project/business
- Your choice of data and application storage (Cloud or Local)
- The capacity of your server systems (whether it’s made for high-read operations or high-write traffic)
As software development standards and trends change within the blink of an eye, it is important to be updated on the most popular tech trends that currently reign the market. By analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of popular application stacks, you can start developing your product with improved confidence, as you get to know the ways to mitigate development risks.
So, what are the leading stacks of software development in 2021? Here they are:
1. The MEAN Stack
Read more: How we optimized a MEAN Stack project for better performance
2. The MERN Stack
Since 2021 is all about enhancing UI, MERN stands to gain. However, while working with React, developers have to deal with limited core functionality since React is a library and not a framework. Hence most developers resort to third-party services.
3. The MEVN Stack
In this version of MEAN, Angular is replaced by Vue.js as a front-end framework. This framework has shown immense popularity over the last few years. Its popularity is expected to continue to 2021 as it is a lightweight solution compared to Angular. Vue.js offers basic out-of-the-box functionality. This functionality can be extended using third-party services. You can say that Vue.js combines the best features of Angular and React to give you great performance and a rich set of tools.
4. The LAMP Stack
The LAMP can be called a classic, time-tested stack of technologies – Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. The LAMP still remains one of the most common ways to deliver web applications and was one of the first open-source software stacks which is still widely used. Popular open-source CMS such as WordPress and Drupal use LAMP. The stability, simplicity, and power that accompany LAMP have made it the platform of choice for developing new custom web apps.
The LAMP stack can efficiently handle dynamic pages wherein the content changes every time it is loaded. LAMP being open-source and non-proprietary, you can choose components based on your specific business requirements. Instead of using Linux as the OS, you can use Microsoft Windows to form a WAMP stack or MAC OS to form the MAMP stack. PHP can also be swapped for Perl or the increasingly popular Python language.
Read more: Why Is It High-Time To Find Alternatives For Microsoft Silverlight?
Since the LAMP has been around for more than a decade, you can avail of the benefits of a substantial LAMP ecosystem.
5. The Serverless Stack
2021 is the best time to build on cloud infrastructure or in other words- to go serverless. Serverless computing platforms provide all the services and tools thus making infrastructure management much simpler. You can easily scale up to hundreds of thousands of users overnight. AWS Lambda was one of the first serverless platforms. Google cloud is another significant provider of serverless computing services.
6. Flutter for Web
Flutter for Web can be called a game-changer in the cross-platform development world. It uses the same UI and business logic on all platforms. With Flutter, you don’t have to spend time on deployment. You can fix bugs, add new features, and build UI without compromising on speed.
What should be your next step
Having learned the tech stack meaning and its impact on your application development, here are a few tips that will help you make a wise choice:
- While building software or an application, employing a consistent, standardized software stack is of utmost importance.
- You have to create your backend with a set of tools designed to work together, reducing development time and streamlining resources.
- In today’s overcrowded stack field, you are spoilt for options. You cannot go for a one-size-fits-all approach while choosing a stack for your project. You need to find a web stack that provides unique advantages for your application.
Now that you’ve made it this far, do you agree that these are the most important tech stacks for software development in 2021? Can you think of any other names that need to be included in this list? Do let us know!
Here at Fingent, we set out to adopt the most efficient technology stacks that can make your software product highly competitive and fulfill your organization’s unique requirements. If you have any questions left, our technology consultants are ready to offer you a piece of expert advice. Feel free to drop us a message, any time.