Supercharge Your Business with These 11 Hot Tech Trends
Technology is having an ever-greater impact on our personal lives and most importantly on the way we do business. The business world has transformed rapidly in the past few years and it will evidently continue to change the pace of business in the years to come. Whether it is the production of goods or the computing devices used at the office, new technologies have helped businesses run smoother and more effectively. As information travels more quickly and reliably, businesses are realizing how easy it is to grow globally and across multiple sectors. To gain benefits, however, businesses must keep up with technology and adopt new trends. This article discusses 11 tech trends to look forward to in the next couple of years. First, let us understand what drives these tech trends, and then we will consider their impact on businesses.
What Will Drive the Evolution of Tech Trends?
Two major reasons for the evolution of all kinds of tech trends are our day-to-day business challenges and the passion for innovation. As an intelligent being, it is normal for human beings to innovate to live better. However, from a business standpoint, it is about optimizing all that humans are capable of accomplishing and that includes making profits.
1. Greater predictive levels and programmability will reshape cybersecurity
Cybersecurity will be one of the prominent IT functions to mature. New technologies will bring about a fundamental shift in cybersecurity as they enable greater predictive capabilities and programmability. It will become more predictive with the use of large-scale data along with AI, analytics, and machine learning. As a general rule, the more we have, the more difficult it becomes to protect it from thieves. That is not the case with immense data accumulation. Even as data increases it will become easier to determine and match patterns to both predict and shut down any attack vectors.
As every element of infrastructure becomes programmable, you can put a firewall inside the software of all virtual machines in your architecture, thus limiting the flow of data within the software. This will eliminate the need of storing data on a network from where the data can easily be hacked or stolen. Businesses will continue to see this capability emerge as programmability improves.
2. Promise of serverless computing
According to IDC’s prediction, “from 2018 to 2023 — with new tools/platforms, more developers, agile methods, and lots of code reuse — 500 million new logical apps will be created, equal to the number built over the past 40 years.” Currently, we are witnessing a distinct change in the application infrastructure with most businesses moving to cloud-native applications.
There are four distinct computing models that are evolving simultaneously such as virtual servers, physical servers, container-based computing, and serverless computing. Virtual servers and container-based computing make it easy to move applications. Whereas the promise of serverless computing offers greater agility and cost savings as the applications do not need to be deployed on a server. Alternatively, functions can be run from a cloud provider platform. It can return outputs and instantly release the associated resources. As businesses see a change in the infrastructure, they will have to make choices about how they approach development.
Accelerated in part by the long-term shutdown due to COVID-19, industries that design and manufacture products will quickly adopt cloud-based technology trends to aggregate and intelligently transform. In a couple of years, these intelligent algorithms will allow manufacturing assembly lines to optimize towards increased levels of output and enhanced product quality thereby reducing the overall waste in manufacturing by half.
3. IoT and Edge
IoT and Edge can rightly be termed as superpowers of the tech world. The developing, managing, and running of widespread IoT and Edge applications will grow in complexity with numerous endpoints. For example, audiovisual technologies are being used to achieve the same input as you would get when you connect numerous IoT sensors. When compared to individual sensors, these tech trends provide reasonable mass coverage at a minimum cost. This is only possible when AI and ML are integrated into the IoT platform. Powering and maintaining thousands of sensors is a daunting prospect. Audiovisual solutions can thus make this a significant growth area. As a result, these changes will have a profound impact on how the businesses get value out of new data that they are able to collect and process.
Read more: Gearing up for IoT in 2020
4. Everything will revolve around data
Enormous amounts of data collected from IoT devices and digital platforms can now be made available through application programming interfaces for business insights, analysis and to develop other applications. Collecting information from a sufficient amount of data-points enables you to model behavior and understand patterns and come to more accurate conclusions quickly with minimum cost. With abundant data from multiple touchpoints and new analytic tools, businesses are able to customize products and services by creating ever-finer consumer microsegments. Businesses that do not build around data will find themselves swamped by its enormity.
5. Voice control is the next evolution of human-machine interaction
The advent of voice technology such as Apple’s Siri, Google’s Assistant, and Amazon’s Alexa is disrupting businesses as it creates a three-way interaction between devices, services, and people. It has completely changed the way consumers interact with smart devices.
According to recent research, by 2024, the global voice-based smart speaker market could be worth $30 billion. This technology trend has a huge impact on how online searches will happen. Businesses will have to adapt their way of promoting their products and services. It will also affect the way companies are organized as internal knowledge can be shared more easily which improves the possibility of multitasking. This will result in increased productivity.
In the next couple of years, we will see a transformation of voice technology from being an information tool to a transaction tool. It offers the possibility to directly order from brands and perhaps even pay.
6. Blockchain platform market
Blockchain started as an offshoot of the cryptocurrency movement. Now, it is evolving to find use cases beyond just the international settlement areas. According to Gartner, Blockchain will grow to slightly more than $176 billion by 2025 and continue to exceed $3.1 trillion by 2030. The marriage of Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence can significantly change the nature of transactional businesses. This is possible as Blockchain is a decentralized unchangeable space for encrypted data and AI will assist you in analyzing and interpreting that data quickly and reliably to drive actionable insights. There is great potential for this technology to have an immense impact on cybersecurity.
7. Seamless blend of the digital twin
Applied technology will intersect between the physical and digital worlds, the digital twin. For example, the digital twin will have a perfect digital copy of the physical world. Applied technology will allow you to blend these two worlds seamlessly. The resulting immersive environments will have a pervasive impact on the industry. This twin will allow you to collaborate virtually, simulate conditions quickly, understand what-if scenarios clearly, predict results more accurately, and more. Most businesses are already aware of the benefits of applying the digital world to enhance the physical world. They are digitizing physical processes to reduce inconsistencies, redundancies, and human error.
This pandemic has shown us that communication is not just for work but is required to form real emotional connections. In the next couple of years, AI technology will be used to connect people at a human level and drive them closer to each other. There has been a lot of concern over the security of video conferencing companies. However, these concerns will move companies to ensure that they provide secure digital connectivity for their consumers.
Being a secure video conferencing software, InfinCE has been a game-changer for enterprises of all sizes. Click here to explore
8. 5G will be the game-changer
5G has innumerable use cases beginning from healthcare to more reliable security. With 5G, the audio-video experience will be faster and clearer than it has ever been. On the flip side, 5G will enable businesses to provide remote opportunities for their employees with work experience that would be similar to that inside the office. It will bolster recruitment and retention efforts for top talent.
As more businesses move their critical tasks to the cloud, employees will become increasingly productive from wherever they work and with whatever device they use. Though currently, 5G coverage is limited, according to Ericson’s Mobility report, 5G subscriptions could cover up to 65% of the world’s population by 2025. Businesses that anticipate and embrace these emerging technology trends will see a positive impact in the years to come. Low latency 5G networks can help resolve the challenges caused by the absence of reliable networks and can facilitate more high-capacity services. Private 5G networks can offset the high cost of mobility with economy-boosting activities.
9. Data lakes enable new analytic models
Data lakes are storage repositories that contain quantitative and qualitative data. Data lakes enable new models of predictive analytics and help unlock the potential of digital twins. Since they can hold enormous amounts of data, organizations can leverage the insights, including discrete data points to create a ‘digital twin’ of each customer. You can gain access to customer details such as demographic data, browsing behavior, purchasing patterns, and payment preferences. The ability to gauge qualitative data will increase the demand for robust ERP systems and AI-driven automation. This would mean that businesses should acquire the skills to set up, manage, and secure their data lakes and build data models that will help extract the insights they require for ongoing innovation.
10. Sophisticated sentiment analysis for real-time insights
Sentiment analysis uses techniques to interpret and classify the ‘mood’ of your customers. Sophisticated sentiment analytical tools allow businesses to recognize the customers’ sentiment towards a product, a service, or a brand. It can also be used by the businesses to respond to the feedback with a proactive approach. It allows businesses to understand how people are feeling in real-time and proactively position products, services, and visual merchandise. In the future, this technology will be used in addition to tools such as conversation intelligence, text analysis, and natural language processing. It can enable innovation on demand. Businesses will find it advantageous to incorporate sentimental analysis into their data analysis in the areas of customer feedback, marketing, CRM, and e-commerce.
11. Micro-fulfillment for e-commerce fulfillment
Robotics has turned around numerous industries except for a few sectors such as grocery retail. With the new robotic application termed micro-fulfillment, grocery retailing will no longer remain the same. Micro fulfillment allows you to convert personal garages into storage spaces and can operate 5-10% more economically than a brick and mortar store. This rising trend is captured in tiny, urban warehouses that leverage high-end automated systems to complete online orders with greater efficiency. These centers are used to deliver goods rapidly, in as fast as an hour. Robotic arms can be used to pick up items. The application of robotics downstream at a ‘hyper-local’ level will disrupt the grocery retail industry. This technology trend will unlock wider access to food and a better customer proposition such as product availability, speed, and cost.
How Technology will Continue to Disrupt Businesses?
The transformative potential of innovative technology trends is exciting businesses today. It will change the way businesses plan, start, manage, operate, market, and make a profit. The next couple of years will see profound improvements in addressing most business challenges as organizations develop and deploy solutions that will deliver tangible results. Driverless cars, 3d printing, artificial and business intelligence tools, robotics, and IoT are just a few examples of how technology has transformed or disrupted the business world and has the potential to continue to disrupt.
The COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated worldwide collaboration, transparency of data, and speed at the highest levels to navigate the human and business impacts. Now is the time to recognize and support the opportunities for technology trends that can best and most rapidly address business challenges. Partner with us to capitalize on these trends and scale your business quickly.
How Time Series Analysis Enables Businesses to Improve Their Decision Making
- Definition of Time Series
- The 5 Most Effective Time Series Methods for Business Development
- Time Series Regression
- Time Series Analysis in Python
- Time Series in Relation to R
- Time Series Data Analysis
- Deep Learning for Time Series
- Benefits of Using Deep Learning to Analyze Your Time Series
- Time Series is Valuable for Business Development
Time series analysis is one of the most common data types encountered in daily life. Most companies use time series forecasting to help them develop business strategies. These methods have been used to monitor, clarify, and predict certain ‘cause and effect’ behaviours.
In a nutshell, time series analysis helps to understand how the past influences the future. Today, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Big Data have redefined business forecasting methods. This article walks you through 5 specific time series methods.
Definition of Time Series
Time series is a sequence of time-based data points collected at specific intervals of a given phenomenon that undergoes changes over time. It is indexed according to time.
The four variations to time series are (1) Seasonal variations (2) Trend variations (3) Cyclical variations, and (4) Random variations.
Time Series Analysis is used to determine a good model that can be used to forecast business metrics such as stock market price, sales, turnover, and more. It allows management to understand timely patterns in data and analyze trends in business metrics. By tracking past data, the forecaster hopes to get a better than average view of the future. Time Series Analysis is a popular business forecasting method because it is inexpensive.
The 5 Most Effective Time Series Methods for Business Development
1. Time Series Regression
Time series regression is a statistical method used for predicting a future response based on the previous response history known as autoregressive dynamic. Time series regression helps predictors understand and predict the behaviour of dynamic systems from observations of data or experimental data. Time series data is often used for the modeling and forecasting of biological, financial, and economic business systems.
Predicting, modeling, and characterization are the three goals achieved by regression analysis. Logically, the order to achieve these three goals depends on the prime objective. Sometimes modeling is to get a better prediction, and other times it is just to understand and explain what is going on. Most often, the iterative process is used in predicting and modeling. To enable better control, predictors may choose to model in order to get predictions. But iteration and other special approaches could also be used to control problems in businesses.
The process could be divided into three parts: planning, development, and maintenance.
- Define the problem, select a response, and then suggest variables.
- Ordinary regression analysis is conditioned on errors present in the independent data set.
- Check if the problem is solvable.
- Find the correlation matrix, first regression runs, basic statistics, and correlation matrix.
- Establish a goal, prepare a budget, and make a schedule.
- Confirm the goals and the budget with the company.
- Collect and check the quality of the date. Plot and try those models and regression conditions.
- Consult experts.
- Find the best models.
- Check if the parameters are stable.
- Check if the coefficients are reasonable, if any variables are missing, and if the equation is usable for prediction.
- Check the model periodically using statistical techniques.
2. Time Series Analysis in Python
The world of Python has a number of available representations of times, dates, deltas, and timespans. It is helpful to see how Pandas relate to other packages in Python. Pandas software library (written for Python) was developed largely for the financial sector, so it includes very specific tools for financial data to ensure business growth.
Understanding Date and Time Data:
- Time Stamps: Refers to particular moments in time.
- Time intervals and periods: Refers to a length of time between a particular beginning and its endpoint.
- Time deltas or durations: Refers to an exact length of time.
Native Python dates and times:
Python’s basic objects for working with dates and times are in the built-in module. Scientists could use these modules along with a third-party module, and perform a host of useful functionalities on dates and times quickly. Or, you could use the module to parse dates from a variety of string formats.
Best of Both Worlds: Dates and Times
Pandas provide a timestamp object that combines the ease-of-use of datetime and dateutil with vectorized interface and storage. From these objects, pandas can construct datetimeIndex that can be used to index data in dataframe.
Fundamental Pandas Data Structures to Work with Time Series Data:
The most fundamental of these objects are timetstamp and datatimeIndex objects.
- Time Stamps type: It is based on the more efficient numpy.datetime64 datatype.
- Time Periods type: It encodes a fixed-frequency interval based on numpy.datetime64.
- Time deltas type: It is based on numpy.timedelta64 with TimedeltaIndex as the associated index structure.
3. Time Series in Relation To R
R is a popular programming language and free software environment used by statisticians and data miners to develop data analysis. It is made up of a collection of libraries specifically designed for data science.
R offers one of the richest ecosystems to perform data analysis. Since there are 12,000 packages in the open-source repository, it is easy to find a library for any required analysis. Business managers will find that its rich library makes R the best choice for statistical analysis, particularly for specialized analytical work.
R provides fantastic features to communicate the findings with presentation or documentation tools that make it much easier to explain analysis to the team. It provides qualities and formal equations for time series models such as random walk, white noise, autoregression, and simple moving average. There are a variety of R functions for time series data that include simulating, modeling, and forecasting time series trends.
Since R is developed by academicians and scientists, it is designed to answer statistical problems. It is equipped to perform time series analysis. It is the best tool for business forecasting.
4. Time Series Data Analysis
Time series data analysis is performed by collecting data at different points in time. This is in contrast to the cross-sectional data that observes companies at a single point in time. Since data points are gathered at adjacent time periods, there could be a correlation between observations in Time Series Data Analysis.
Time series data can be found in:
- Economics: GDP, CPI, unemployment rates, and more.
- Social sciences: Population, birth rates, migration data, and political indicators.
- Epidemiology: Mosquito population, disease rates, and mortality rates.
- Medicine: Weight tracking, cholesterol measurements, heart rate monitoring, and BP tracking.
- Physical sciences: Monthly sunspot observations, global temperatures, pollution levels.
Seasonality is one of the main characteristics of time series data. It occurs when the time series exhibits predictable yet regular patterns at time intervals that are smaller than a year. The best example of a time series data with seasonality is retail sales that increase between September to December and decrease between January and February.
Most often, time-series data shows a sudden change in behaviour at a certain point in time. Such sudden changes are referred to as structural breaks. They can cause instability in the parameters of a model, which in turn can diminish the reliability and validity of that model. Time series plots can help identify structural breaks in data.
5. Deep Learning for Time Series
Time series forecasting is especially challenging when working with long sequences, multi-step forecasts, noisy data, and multiple inputs and output variables.
Deep learning methods offer time-series forecasting capabilities such as temporal dependence, automatic learning, and automatic handling of temporal structures like seasonality and trends.
Benefits of Using Deep Learning to Analyze Your Time Series
- Easy-to-extract features: Deep neural networks minimize the need for data scaling procedures and stationary data and feature engineering processes which are required in time series forecasting. These neural networks of deep learning can learn on their own. With training, they can extract features on their own from the raw input data.
- Good at extracting patterns: Each neuron in Recurrent Neural Networks is capable to maintain information from the previous input using its internal memory. Hence, it is the best choice for the sequential data of Time Series.
- Easy to predict from training data: The Long short-term memory (LSTM) is very popular in time series. Data can be easily represented at different points in time using deep learning models like gradient boosting regressor, random forest, and time-delay neural networks.
Time Series is Valuable for Business Development
Time series forecasting helps businesses make informed business decisions because it can be based on historical data patterns. It can be used to forecast future conditions and events.
- Reliability: Time series forecasting is most reliable, especially when the data represents a broad time period such as large numbers of observations for longer time periods. Information can be extracted by measuring data at various intervals.
- Seasonal patterns: Data points variances measured can reveal seasonal fluctuation patterns that serve as the basis for forecasts. Such information is of particular importance to markets whose products fluctuate seasonally because it helps them plan for production and delivery requirements.
- Trend estimation: Time series method can also be used to identify trends because data tendencies from it can be useful to managers when measurements show a decrease or an increase in sales for a particular product.
- Growth: Time series method is useful to measure both endogenous and financial growth. Endogenous growth is the development from within an organization’s internal human capital that leads to economic growth. For example, the impact of policy variables can be evidenced through time series analysis.
We can help you get the best of Time Series Analysis to benefit your business. Reach out to us to understand more about our data analytics and machine learning capabilities and how it can help your business grow.
Understanding the concept and significance of Deep Reinforcement Learning
The field of reinforcement learning has exploded in recent years with the success of supervised deep learning continuing to pile up. People are now using deep neural nets to learn how to use intelligent behavior in complex dynamic environments. Deep reinforcement learning is one of the most exciting fields in artificial intelligence where we combine the power of deep neural networks to comprehend the world with the ability to act on that understanding.
In deep learning, we take samples of data and supervise the way we compress and code the data representation in a manner that you can reason about. Deep reinforcement learning is when we take this power and apply it to a world where sequential decisions are to be made.
We use deep reinforcement learning to solve tasks where an agent or an intelligent system has to make a sequence of decisions that directly affect the world around the agent. While trial-and-error is the fundamental process by which reinforcement learning agents learn, they do use neural networks to represent the world.
Types of learning
All types of machine learning– supervised learning, unsupervised learning, semi-supervised learning, and reinforcement learning are supervised by a loss function. Even in unsupervised learning, there is some kind of human intervention required to determine and provide inputs on what is good or bad. Only the cost of human labor required to obtain this supervision is low. Thus, the challenges and the exciting opportunities of reinforcement learning lie in how we get that supervision in the most efficient way possible.
In supervised learning, you take a bunch of data samples and use them to learn patterns to interpret similar samples in the future. However, in reinforcement learning, you teach an agent through experience. So the essential design step in reinforcement learning is to provide the environment in which the agent has to experience and gain rewards. In other words, a designer has to design not only the algorithm but also the environment where the agent is trying to solve a task.
The most difficult element in reinforcement learning is the reward – good vs bad. For example, when a baby learns to walk, success is the ability to walk across the room and failure is the inability to do so. Simple! Well, this is reinforcement learning in humans. How we learn from so few examples through trial-and-error is a mystery. It could be the hardware – 230 million years of bipedal movement data that is genetically encoded in us or it could be the ability to learn quickly through the few minutes or hours or years of observing other humans walking. So the idea is if there was no one around to observe, we would never be able to walk. Another possible explanation is the algorithm that our brain uses to learn which has not yet been understood.
The promise of deep learning is that it converts raw data into meaningful representations whereas the promise of deep reinforcement learning is that it builds an agent that uses this representation to achieve success in the environment.
Deep Q learning
Q-learning is a simple and powerful algorithm that helps an agent to take action without the need for a policy. Depending on the current state, it finds the best action on a trial-and-error basis. While this works for practical purposes, once the problem size starts increasing, maintaining a Q-value table becomes infeasible considering the amount of memory and time that would be required. This is where neural networks come in.
From a given input of action and state, a neural network approximates the Q-value function. Basically, you feed the initial state into the neural network to get the Q-value of all possible actions as the output. This neural network is called Deep Q-Network. However, DQN is not without challenges. The input and output undergo frequent changes in reinforcement learning with progress in exploration. The concepts of experience replay and target network help control these changes.
Read more: Top 10 Machine Learning Algorithms in 2020
Deep Reinforcement Learning Frameworks
Here are the three Deep Reinforcement Learning frameworks:
1. Tensorflow reinforcement learning
RL algorithms can be used to solve tasks where automation is required. However actual implementation is easier said than done. You can ease your pain by using TF-Agents, a flexible library for TensorFlow to build reinforcement learning models. TF-Agents makes it easy to use reinforced learning for TensorFlow. TF-Agents enables newbies to learn RL using Colabs, documentation, and examples as well as researchers who want to build new RL algorithms. TF-Agents is built on top of TensorFlow 2.0. It uses TF-Eagers to make development and debugging a lot easier, tf.keras to define networks and tf.function to make things faster. It is modular and extensible helping you to pick only those pieces that you need and extend them as required. It is also compatible with TensorFlow 1.14.
2. Keras reinforcement learning
Keras is a free, open-source, neural network Python library that implements modern deep reinforcement learning algorithms. Using Keras, you can easily assess and dabble with different algorithms as it works with OpenAI Gym out of the box. Keras offers APIs that are easy and consistent, thus reducing the cognitive load. These APIs can handle the building of models, defining of layers or implementation of multiple input and output models. Keras is fast to deploy, easy to learn, and supports multiple backends.
3. PyTorch Reinforcement learning
PyTorch is an open-source machine learning library for Python based on Torch and is used for applications such as natural language processing. It consists of a low-level API that focuses on array expressions. This framework is mostly used for academic research and deep learning applications that require optimized custom expressions. The PyTorch framework has a high processing speed with complex architecture.
All these frameworks have gained immense popularity and you can choose the one that suits your requirements.
While deep reinforcement learning holds immense potential for development in various fields, it is vital to focus on AI safety research as well. This is going to be fundamental in the coming years in order to tackle threats like autonomous weapons and mass surveillance. We should, therefore, ensure that there are no monopolies that can enforce their power with the malignant use of AI. So international laws need to keep up with the rapid progress in technology.
We have tried to brush across the basics of deep reinforcement learning and the top 3 frameworks that are in use currently. Want to know more about this amazing technology? Reach out to us at Fingent!
Top 10 Algorithms to Create Functional Machine Learning Projects
From simple day-to-day functions to making computers smarter, Machine Learning algorithms help automate manual tasks for making our lives simpler. The significance of Machine Learning has grown even further, which is why enthusiastic data scientists and engineers look forward to learning different techniques to hone their skills.
Below are the top 10 Machine Learning algorithms that you should know. These will help you to create practical projects, no matter whether you choose Supervised, Unsupervised, or Reinforcement Machine Learning model.
Read our Infographic: What Machine Learning is and why it is important in business
1. Apriori Algorithm
Apriori algorithm is a type of machine learning algorithm, which creates association rules based on a pre-defined dataset. The rules are in the IF_THEN format, which means that if action A happens, then action B will likely occur as well. The algorithm derives such conclusions by analyzing the ratio of action B to action A.
One of the most common examples of the Apriori algorithm can be seen in Google auto-complete. When you type a word, the algorithm automatically suggests associated words that are mostly typed with that.
2. Naive Bayes Classifier Algorithm
Naive Bayes Classifier algorithm works by presuming that any specific property in a category is not related to the other properties of the group. This helps the algorithm to consider all the features independently as it calculates the outcome. It is very easy to create a Naive Bayes model for huge datasets, and can even do better than many of the complex classification methods.
The best example of the Naive Bayes Classifier algorithm will be email spam filtering. The function automatically classifies different emails as spam or not spam.
3. Linear Regression Algorithm
Linear Regression algorithm determines the correlation between a dependent variable and an independent variable. It helps understand the effect that the independent variable will cause on the dependent variable if the former’s value is changed. The independent variable is also referred to as the explanatory variable, while the dependent variable is termed as the factor of interest.
Generally, the Linear Regression algorithm is used in risk assessment processes, especially in the insurance industry. The model can help to figure out the number of claims as per different age groups and then calculate the risk as per the age of the customer.
Related Reading: Can Machine Learning Predict And Prevent Fraudsters?
4. K-Means Algorithm
K-Means algorithm is commonly used for solving clustering problems. It takes datasets into a specific number of clusters, which is referred to as “K”. The data is categorized in such a way that all the data points in the cluster remain homogenous. At the same time, the data points in one cluster will be different from the data grouped in other clusters.
For instance, when you look for, say, “date”, on the search engine, it could mean a fruit, a particular day, or a romantic night out. The K-Means algorithm groups all the web pages that mention each of the different meanings to give you the best results.
5. Decision Tree Algorithm
Decision Tree algorithm is the most popular Machine Learning algorithms out there today. The model works by classifying problems for both categorical as well as continuous dependent variables. Here, all the possible outcomes are divided into different standardized sets with the most significant independent variables using a tree-branching methodology.
The most common example of the Decision Tree algorithm can be seen in the banking industry. The system helps financial institutions to categorize loan applicants as well as determine the probability of a customer defaulting on his/her loan payments.
Related Reading: How Predictive Algorithms and AI Will Rule Financial Services
6. Support Vector Machine Algorithm
Support Vector Machine algorithm is used to classify data as points in a vast n-dimensional plane. Here, “n” refers to the number of properties in hand, each of which is linked to a specific subset to categorize the data. A common use of the Support Vector Machine algorithm can be seen in the regression of problems. It works by categorizing data into different levels using a particular line or hyper-plane.
For instance, stockbrokers use the Support Vector Machine algorithm to compare the performance of different stocks and listings. This helps them to device the best decisions for investing in the most lucrative stocks and options.
7. Logistic Regression Algorithm
Logistic Regression algorithm helps calculate separate binary values from a cluster of independent variables. It then helps to forecast the likelihood of an outcome by analyzing the data against a logit function. Including interaction terms, eliminating properties, standardizing techniques, and using a non-linear model can also be used to create better logistic regression models.
The probability of the outcome of a specific event in the Logistic Regression algorithm is calculated as per the included variables. It is commonly seen in politics to predict if a candidate will win or lose in the election.
8. K- Nearest Neighbors Algorithm
K Nearest Neighbors or KNN algorithm is used for both the classification as well as regression of different problems. The model saves the data available from several cases, which is referred to as K, and classifies new cases as per the data from the K neighbors based on distance function. The new case is then included in the identified dataset.
K Nearest Neighbors needs a lot of storage space to save all the data from different variables. However, it only functions when needed and can be very reliable in predicting the outcome of an event.
9. Random Forest Algorithm
Random Forest algorithm works by grouping different decision trees based on their attributes. This model can deal with some of the common limitations of the Decision Tree algorithm. It can also be more accurate to predict the outcome when the number of decisions goes higher. The decision trees are mapped here based on the CART or Classification and Regression Trees model.
A common example of the Random Forest algorithm can be seen in the automobile industry. It is seen to be very productive in forecasting the breakdown of a specific automobile part.
10. Gradient Boosting and Adaptive Boosting
Gradient Boosting and Adaptive Boosting (AdaBoost) algorithms can be used when you need to handle a huge amount of data and predict the outcome with the highest accuracy possible. Boosting algorithms combine the power of different basic learning algorithms to improve the results. It can also merge weak or average predictors to get a strong estimator model.
Gradient boosting is generally used with decision trees, while AdaBoost is typically used to improve binary classification problems. Boosting can also correct the misclassifications found in different base algorithms.
The above-listed Machine Learning algorithms will help you get started with your desired projects right away. These will equip you for understanding the scope of Machine Learning as well as work out complex problems more easily.
Related Reading: How Machine Learning Boosts Customer Experience
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Understanding the Importance of Times Series Forecasting
To be able to see the future. Wouldn’t that be wonderful! We probably will get there someday, but time series forecasting gets you close. It gives you the ability to “see” ahead of time and succeed in your business. In this blog, we will look at what time series forecasting is, how machine learning helps in investigating time-series data, and explore a few guiding principles and see how it can benefit your business.
What Is Time Series Forecasting?
The collection of data at regular intervals is called a time series. Time series forecasting is a technique in machine learning, which analyzes data and the sequence of time to predict future events. This technique provides near accurate assumptions about future trends based on historical time-series data.
The book Time Series Analysis: With Applications in R describes the twofold purpose of time series analysis, which is “to understand or model the stochastic mechanism that gives rise to an observed series and to predict or forecast the future values of a series based on the history of that series.”
Time series allows you to analyze major patterns such as trends, seasonality, cyclicity, and irregularity. Time series analysis is used for various applications such as stock market analysis, pattern recognition, earthquake prediction, economic forecasting, census analysis and so on.
Related Reading: Can Machine Learning Predict And Prevent Fraudsters?
Four Guiding Principles for Success in Time Series Forecasting
1. Understand the Different Time Series Patterns
Time series includes trend cycles and seasonality. Unfortunately, many confuse seasonal behavior with cyclic behavior. To avoid confusion, let’s understand what they are:
- Trend: An increase or decrease in data over a period of time is called a trend. They could be deterministic, which provides an underlying rationale, or stochastic, which is a random feature of time series.
- Seasonal: Oftentimes, seasonality is of a fixed and known frequency. When a time series is affected by seasonal factors like the time of the year or the day of the week, a seasonal pattern occurs.
- Cyclic: When a data exhibit fluctuates, a cycle occurs. But unlike seasonal, it is not of a fixed frequency.
2. Use Features Carefully
It is important to use features carefully, especially when their future real values are unclear. However, if the features are predictable or have patterns you will be able to build a forecast model based on them. Using predicted values as features is risky as it can cause substantial errors and provide a biased result. Properties of a time series and time-related features that can be calculated could be added to time series models. Mistakes in handle features could easily get compounded resulting in extremely skewed results, so extreme caution is in order.
3. Be Prepared to Handle Smaller Time Series
Don’t be quick to dismiss smaller time series as a drawback. All time-related datasets are useful in time series forecasting. A smaller dataset wouldn’t require external memory for your computer, which makes it easier to analyze the entire dataset and make plots that could be analyzed graphically.
4. Choose The Right Resolution
Having a clear idea of the objectives of your analysis will help yield better results. It will reduce the risk of propagating the error to the total. An unbiased model’s residuals would either be zero or close to zero. A white noise series is expected to have all autocorrelations close to zero. In other words, choosing the right resolution will also eliminate noisy data that makes modeling difficult.
Types of Time Series Data and Forecasts
Times series basically deals with three types of data – time-series data, cross-sectional data, and pooled data, which is a combination of time series data and cross-sectional data. Large amounts of data give you the opportunity for exploratory data analysis, model fidelity and model testing and tuning. The question you could ask yourself is, how much data is available and how much data am I able to collect?
There are different types of forecasting that could be applied depending on the time horizon. They are near-future, medium-future and long-term future predictions. Think carefully about which time horizon prediction you need.
Organizations should be able to decide which forecast works best for their firm. A rolling forecast will re-forecast the next twelve months, whereas the traditional, or a static annual forecast creates new forecasts towards the end of the year. Think about whether you want your forecasts updated regularly or you need a more static approach.
By allowing you to harness down-sampling and up-sampling data, the concept of temporal hierarchies can mitigate modeling uncertainty. It is important to ask yourself, what temporal frequencies require forecasts?
Keep Up With Time
As businesses grow more dynamic, forecasting will get increasingly harder because of the increasing amount of data needed to build the Time Series Forecasting model. Still, implementing the principles outlined in this blog will help your organization be better equipped for success. If you have any questions on how to do this, just drop us a message.
Data Mining Vs Predictive Analytics: Learn The Difference & Benefits
With big data becoming the lifeblood of organizations and businesses, data mining and predictive analytics have gained wider recognition. Both are different ways of extracting useful information from the massive stores of data collected every day. Often thought to be synonyms, data mining and predictive analytics are two distinct analytics methodologies with their own unique benefits.
This blog examines the differences between data mining and predictive analytics.
Difference Between Data Mining and Predictive Analytics
Data mining and predictive analytics differ from each other in several aspects, as mentioned below:
Data mining is a technical process by which consistent patterns are identified, explored, sorted, and organized. It can be compared to organizing or arranging a large store in such a way that a sales executive can easily find a product in no time. Various reports state that by 2020 the world is poised to witness a data explosion. Therefore, data mining is a strategic practice that is necessary for successful businesses. It helps marketers create new opportunities with the potential for rich dividends for their businesses.
Predictive analytics is the process by which information is extracted from existing data sets for determining patterns and predicting the forthcoming trends or outcomes. It uses data, statistical algorithms, and machine learning techniques to identify the likelihood of future outcomes based on historical data. In other words, the aim of predictive analytics is to forecast what will happen based on what has happened.
Techniques and Tools
Although there are many techniques in vogue, data mining uses four major techniques to mine data. They are regression, association rule discovery, classification, and clustering. These techniques require the use of appropriate tools that have features like data cleansing, clustering, and filtering. Python and R are the two commonly used programming languages in data mining.
Unlike data analytics, which uses statistics, predictive analytics uses business knowledge to predict future business outcomes or market trends. Predictive analytics uses various software technologies such as Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning to analyze the available data and forecast the outcomes.
Data mining is used to provide two primary advantages: to give businesses the predictive power to estimate the unknown or future values and to provide businesses the descriptive power by finding interesting patterns in the data.
Predictive analytics are used to collect and predict future results and trends. Although it will not tell businesses what will happen in the future, it helps them get to know their individual consumers and understand the trends they follow. This, in turn, helps marketers take necessary, action at the right time, which in turn has a bearing on the future.
Data mining can be broken down into three steps. Exploration, wherein the data is prepared by collecting and cleaning the data. Model Building or Pattern Identification by which the same dataset is applied to different models, thus enabling the businesses to make the best choice. Finally, Deployment is a step where the selected data model is applied to predict results.
Predictive analytics focuses on the online behavior of a customer. It uses various models for training. With the use of sample data, the model could be trained to analyze the latest dataset and gauge its behavior. That knowledge could be further used to predict the behavior of the customer.
Data mining is generally executed by engineers with a strong mathematical background, statisticians, and machine learning experts.
Predictive analytics is largely used by business analysts and other domain experts who are capable of analyzing and interpreting patterns that are discovered by the machines.
Data mining enables marketers to understand the data. As a result, they are able to understand customer segments, purchase patterns, behavior analytics and so on.
Predictive analytics helps a business to determine and predict their customers’ next move. It also helps in predicting customer churn rate and the stock required of a certain product. Additionally, predictive analytics enable marketers to offer hyper-personalized deals by estimating how many new subscriptions they would gain as a result of a certain discount, or what kind of products do their customers seek as a complement to the main product they bought from the seller.
Related Reading: Using Predictive Analytics For Individualization in Retail
Effect of Data Mining and Predictive Analytics on the Future
The global predictive analytics market is estimated to reach 10.95 billion by 2022. We are now in a period of constant growth, where businesses have already started using data mining and predictive analytics sift through the available data for searching patterns, making predictions and implementing decisions that will impact their business.
Both approaches enable marketers to make informed decisions by increasing productivity, reducing costs, saving resources, detecting frauds, and yielding faster results. To make the best use of data mining and predictive analytics, you need the right guidance and the best expertise. Talk to our experts and find out how Fingent can help your business scale up with the power of data. Get on your way to a digital-first future with Fingent.
How AI and Machine Learning are Driving Cyber Security in FinTech?
Being a subset of the financial services domain, FinTech is targeted by hostile cyber villains. Industries thus require secure mechanisms to keep their data safe and secure. Preventing data losses are critical for Fintechs.
The World Economic Forum states that cyber-security is the Number One risk associated with the financial services industry.
Cyber Security Risks Associated With FinTech
Cybersecurity has remained a pressing concern for FinTech. Ever since the global financial crisis of 2008 that challenged the traditional financial institutions significantly, technology-driven start-ups have started evolving increasingly to cater to finance, risk management, digital investments, data security, and so on. Presently, we are in the FinTech 4.0 era.
The major cybersecurity risk that enterprises implementing FinTech face are from integration issues such as data privacy, legacy, compatibility, etc. Hackers target FinTech as they handle large volumes of customer data that include personal, financial, and other critical information.
FinTech offers a multitude of easily accessible services via its APIs. For instance, API banking. Here, the APIs are developed for the banks to access the FinTech platforms. It becomes open, API banking when open APIs enable third-party developers to build banking applications and services.
Let us walk through the major cybersecurity challenges triggered by FinTech.
Data Integrity Challenge
Mobile applications deployed for FinTech services play a predominant role in cybersecurity assurance. FinTech services require strong encryption algorithms to avoid integrity issues that can arise while transferring financial data.
Cloud Environment Security Challenge
Cloud computing services such as Payment Gateways, Digital Wallets including other secure online payment solutions are key enablers of the FinTech ecosystem. Though it is simple to make payments via cloud computing, it is equally crucial to maintain the security of data as far as banks are concerned. Appropriate cloud security measures are thus critical while dealing with sensitive information.
Third-Party Security Challenge
Third-party security challenges include data leakage, service challenges, litigation damages, and so on. Banks should be aware of FinTech service relationships while associating with third-parties.
Digital Identity Challenges
Major FinTech applications are web apps that have mobile devices working at the front-end. Banks and other financial institutions need to learn about the security architecture of the electronic banking services offered by these applications before implementing the FinTech application.
Money Laundering Challenges
The use of cryptocurrency for financial transactions makes FinTech-drive banks prone to money laundering activities. Thus, the FinTech ecosystem needs to be formally regulated based on global standards.
Private keys can be stolen in case of weak security in blockchain architecture. Cryptographic algorithms need to be strong and transactions need to be confidential.
The increase in the number of FinTech implementation of interfaces will cause a rise in the number of cybersecurity challenges as well.
How Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Enables Cyber Security For FinTech?
Artificial Intelligence is both reactive as well as proactive or preventative. AI reinvents FinTechs by bringing in behavioral biometrics solutions. These solutions are used to monitor customer and device interactions that take place during transactions that enhance security and authentication. BB or behavioral Biometrics with AI provides problem-solving capabilities for FinTechs. FinTechs utilize Artificial Intelligence is an expert system that enhances decision-making abilities using deductive reasoning. Big Data analytics is used here to focus on quality data.
The underlying technology in using Artificial Intelligence involves reasoning, learning, perception, problem solving, and linguistic intelligence to provide critical insights. It helps in understanding business in real-time operations.
In this digital era of increasing cybersecurity attacks and malpractices, AI can be used effectively to prevent risks and attacks. The following are major ways of how AI and ML protect FinTechs:
1. Fraud Detection
AI and machine learning algorithms are used to detect frauds in FinTechs by being able to identify transactions in real-time accurately. The traditional strategy of fraud detection involved analyzing large volumes of data against sets of defined rules using computers. This process was time-consuming and complex. Unlike this traditional method, more intelligent data analytics tools for fraud detection such as KDD (Knowledge Discovery In Databases), Pattern Recognition, Neural Networks, Machine Learning, Statistics, and Data Mining have evolved.
2. Controlling Access
Access control to critical data is crucial when it comes to security. Machine learning is used to derive critical insights from previous behavioral patterns such as geolocation, log-in time, etc to control access to endpoints. The risk scores are fine-tuned by combining supervised and unsupervised machine learning methods to reduce fraud and thwart breach attempts as well.
3. Smart Contracts
Smart contracts are coded in a programming language and stored on the blockchain. With blockchain, new contracts can be added to existing ones without having to change the individual contracts, in case of agreement expansion. Artificial Intelligence has become an integral part of FinTech as more traditional banks are teaming up with FinTechs to leverage the benefits of both worlds. For instance, when customers face issues with a poor credit history while applying for loans.
Artificial Intelligence is yet to be transforming the face of FinTechs in a multitude of ways. Drop-in a call right away and our strategists will guide you on how to leverage the benefits of AI and ML to secure operations and prevent breach attacks.
Key Differences Between Machine Learning And Deep Learning Algorithms
Artificial Intelligence is on the rise in this digital era. According to IDC’s latest market report, global investment of businesses in AI and cognitive systems is increasing and will mount to $57.6 billion by the year 2021.
Artificial Intelligence holds a high-scope in implementing intelligent machines to perform redundant and time-consuming tasks without frequent human intervention. AI’s capability to impart a cognitive ability in machines has 3 different levels, namely, Active AI, General AI, and Narrow AI. Artificially intelligent systems use pattern matching to make critical decisions for businesses.
Related Reading: Know the different types of Artificial Intelligence.
Categories Of Artificial Intelligence
Machine learning and Deep learning are 2 categories of AI used for statistical modeling of data. The paradigms for the 2 models vary from each other. Let us walk through the key differences between the two:
Machine Learning: Process Involved
Machine learning is a tool or a statistical learning method by which various patterns in data are analyzed and identified. In machine learning, each instance in a data set is characterized by a set of attributes. Here, the computer or the machine is trained to perform automated tasks with minimal human intervention.
To train a model in a machine learning process, a classifier is used. The classifier makes use of characteristics of an object to identify the class it belongs to. For instance, if an object is a car, the classifier is trained to identify its class by feeding it with input data and by assigning a label to the data. This is called Supervised Learning.
To train a machine with an algorithm, the following are the standard steps involved:
- Data collection
- Training the Classifier
- Analyze Predictions
While gathering data, it is critical to choose the right set of data. This is because it is the data that decides the success or failure of the algorithm. This data that is chosen to train the algorithm is called feature. This training data is then used to classify the object type. The next step involves choosing an algorithm for training the model. Once the model is trained, it is used to predict the class it belongs to.
For instance, when an image of a car is given to a human, he can identify it belongs to the class vehicle. But a machine requires to be trained via an algorithm to predict that it is a car through its previous knowledge.
Various machine learning algorithms include Decision trees, Random forest, Gaussian mixture model, Naive Bayes, Linear regression, Logistic regression, and so on.
Deep Learning: Process Involved
Deep learning can be defined as a subcategory of machine learning. Inspired by ANN (Artificial Neural Networks), deep learning is all about various ways in which machine learning can be executed. Deep learning is performed through a neural network, which is an architecture having its layers, one stacked on top of the other.
A neural network has an input layer that can be pixels of an image or even data of a particular time series. The next layer comprises of a hidden layer that is commonly known as weights and learns while the neural network is trained. The final layer or the third layer is that predicts the result based on the input fed into the network.
The neural network thus makes use of a mathematical algorithm to predict the weights of the neurons. Additionally, it provides an output close to the most accurate value.
Automate Feature Extraction is a way in which process performed to find a relevant set of features. It is performed by combining an existing set of features using algorithms such as PCA, T-SNE, etc. For instance, to extract features manually from an image while processing it, the practitioner requires to identify features on the image such as nose, lips, eyes, etc. These extracted features are fed into the classification model.
The process of feature extraction is performed automatically by the Feature Extraction process in Deep Learning by identifying matches.
Related Reading: AI and ML are revolutionizing software development. Here’s how!
Key Differences Between Machine Learning And Deep Learning Algorithms
Though both Machine Learning and Deep Learning are statistical modeling techniques under Artificial Intelligence, each has its own set of real-life use cases to depict how one is different from the other. Let us walk through the major differences between the modeling techniques.
1. Data Dependencies
Machine learning algorithms are employed mostly when it comes to small data sets. Even though both machine learning and deep learning can handle massive amounts of data sets, deep learning employs a deep neural network on the data as they are ‘data-hungry’. The more data there is, the more will be the number of layers, that is the network depth. This increases the computation as well and thus employs deep learning for better performance when the data set sizes are huge.
Interpretability in Machine Learning refers to the degree to which a human can understand and relate to the reason and rationale behind a specific model’s output. The major objective of Interpretability in machine learning is to provide accountability to model predictions.
Certain algorithms under machine learning are easily interpretable, such as the Logistic and Decision Tree algorithms. On the other hand, Naive Bayes, SVM, XGBoost algorithms are difficult to interpret.
Interpretability for deep learning algorithms can be referred to as difficult to nearly impossible. If it is possible to reason about similar instances, such as in the case of Decision Trees, the algorithm is interpretable. For instance, the k-Nearest Neighbors is a machine learning algorithm that has high interpretability.
3. Feature Extraction
When it comes to extracting meaningful features from raw data, deep learning algorithms are the most suitable method. Deep learning does not depend on binary patterns or a histogram of gradients, etc., but it extracts hierarchically in a layer-wise manner.
Machine learning algorithms, on the other hand, depend on handcrafted features as inputs to extract features.
4. Training And Inference/ Execution Time
Machine learning algorithms can train very fast as compared to deep learning algorithms. It takes a few minutes to a couple of hours to train. On the other hand, deep learning algorithms deploy neural networks and consumes a lot of inference time as it passes through a multitude of layers.
Machine learning algorithms can be decoded easily. Deep learning algorithms, on the other hand, are a black box. Machine learning algorithms such as linear regression and decision trees are made use of in banks and other financial organizations for predicting stocks etc.
Deep learning algorithms are not fully reliable when it comes to deploying them in industries.
Both machine learning and deep learning algorithms are used by businesses to generate more revenue. To know more about how your business can benefit from artificially intelligent systems and which algorithms can be leveraged for a positive business outcome, call our strategists right away!
How Machine Learning Edges Us Closer to Paperless Office?
Paper! Paper! Everywhere! Until recently you couldn’t imagine an office without paper. But today, Machine Learning allows you to print, sign, fill and scan digitally. It eliminates the hassle of handling multiple paper documents and helps organizations in converting to a paperless office.
In this blog, we will discuss how ML is influencing the modern workplace, the importance of paperless office and the industries which are seeing a tremendous impact through paperless technology.
The Role of ML in Achieving a Paperless Workplace
Machine Learning (ML) which is a subset of Artificial Intelligence (AI), is a science of software application where the program can learn to provide accurate outcomes without detailed coding. Through reinforcement signals, the software is able to “learn” the best possible approach to achieve the desired goal. Machine Learning algorithms are being trained to take on collaborative business processes and workflows for automation. This enables employees and the organization to go digital.
Machine Learning replaces huge filing cabinets and the laborious process of searching for the right information. To find information easily, to collaborate and manage a business more effectively, ML uses powerful search and discovery tools. Since computers have the ability to process calculations, scan large amounts of data, and assess probabilities in a matter of seconds, Machine Language (ML) is proving to be an extraordinary innovation that will greatly impact the workplace. Let us consider some aspects of office organization and how ML is superior to the traditional paper workflow.
Related Reading: AI and ML are revolutionizing software development. Here’s how!
Efficient Document Organization
You save time in searching for documents. Information is readily accessible to all employees. Restricting access to confidential documents is made easier. You could access digital documents from anywhere which facilitates remote working. The origin of digital documents can also be traced easily.
Customers are often concerned about data protection. This requires that companies provide greater security beyond paper shredders and locked filing cabinets. The digital format offers greater document security. Since it is inexpensive to create backups, it is easier to retrieve lost or stolen data.
Lower Overhead Costs
Research estimates that an office worker makes more than 60 trips per week to the printer, fax machine, and copier. Digitizing documents eliminates those trips as well as the need to buy expensive equipment and pay for their maintenance. This has a direct impact on reducing operating costs. Digital documents could be sent across by electronic mail, saving postal costs.
Lesser Storage Space
A paperless office software frees up space. Companies now can archive everything on private company servers or in the cloud. Jonathan Velline, executive vice president for ATM banking and store strategy at Wells Fargo, talks about the benefits achieved by utilizing paperless document management tools and wireless devices: “It’s a very efficient use of space for us. In a 3,000 square-foot store, we would have an area for full-service banking and a separate area for self-service banking. Here we fit it all in one place.” Having a fully integrated paperless system, employees don’t have to have designated offices. Mini work areas inside the store are more than enough to digitally access customer information and any other details required. This way, Wells Fargo, reduced their office space to three times smaller than the average location.
Related Reading: You may also like to take a look at the top AI trends of the year!
How has Machine Learning Helped Industries to Go Paperless?
Machine Learning has found application in many industries and has helped them in going paperless. Let’s consider three such formerly paper-heavy sectors – legal firms, the automobile industry, and the insurance sector:
ML facilitates greater efficiency and productivity by allowing a lawyer to shift his focus from labor-intensive tasks to core functions like counseling, analysis, and advocacy. Since it is capable of eliminating the laborious process of managing and reviewing boilerplate documents within legal contracts, it allows time for attorneys to appear in court, advice their clients, and negotiate deals. ML can also generate alerts to provide advance notification regarding crucial dates in contracts, such as renewal dates. It can reduce the overall cost of litigation in many ways. It reduces the amount of time a lawyer spends on proofing a document and helps locate relevant information quickly. Use of computer algorithms also helps an attorney identify relevant information that is buried in electronic documents. ML is further equipped to provide a paper-free trial for legal firms.
Machine Learning enables machines and devices to replicate the way humans learn. This has enabled great strides in the automobile industry in terms of supporting a paperless office. Machine Learning is also capable of generating highly sensitive autonomous systems that can speed up the process of filing claims if an accident occurs, eliminating the time consuming and paper-heavy process of filling up elaborate forms.
With ML algorithms, the automotive industry is set to have various features like automatic braking, pedestrian, collision avoidance systems, and cyclists’ alerts. It also supports dealers and manufacturers by enabling a paperless update of the vehicle’s firmware. Through the cloud, a diagnostic system can communicate any problems by sending performance data directly to the manufacturer or schedule repairs.
Insurers are using Machine Learning to boost customer service, increase their operational efficiency, and even detect fraud. ML can improve the process of insurance and automatically move claims through the system. With sophisticated rating algorithms, companies are able to fit in most risks as long as they find good pricing. ML can support agents in classifying risks and calculating accurate predictive pricing models. Tools powered by ML, help consolidate volumes of highly varied data such as membership and provider data, insurance claims data, benefits, and medical records without the use of paper. These solutions can process and structure data with insights leading to a higher quality of care, costs reduction, and fraud detection.
Insurers can draw insights from data about behaviors, individual preferences, lifestyle details, attitudes, and hobbies to create personalized products such as loyalty programs, policies, and recommendations.
Go Paperless Now!
The call to move to a paperless office is getting more urgent every day. To make this transition easy, we can help your organization reap the best benefits of Machine Learning. Give us a call and let’s talk!
How Machine Learning Systems Detect And Prevent Frauds Without Affecting Your Customers
There is nothing more fearful than imbalanced data, especially when dealing with various payment channels like credit and debit cards in banks and other financial organizations. With the wide increase of different payment mediums, businesses are finding it difficult to authenticate transactions. But Machine Learning has been a viable solution to detect fraudsters.
Machine Learning can be referred to as the ability of machines to learn data with the help of human intelligence as well. According to the latest report by Gartner, by 2022, more than nearly half the data and analytics services/ tasks will be done by machines.
Machine Learning In Making Real-Time Decisions To Prevent Fraud Activities
If a business is able to predict which transactions can lead to fraudster attacks, then the business can considerably lower costs and make critical decisions. While sending sensitive data to a third-party, it is important that the data is not misused for fraudulent activities. This can be done as follows:
Using Machine Learning Models
Consider a score produced from a number of algorithms that is a combination of all possible features. This set of algorithms can be termed as a machine learning model. This machine learning model constantly queries these algorithms in order to produce an accurate score that can be used to predict frauds.
Machine learning models can be compared to data analysts who run numerous queries on large volumes of data and try finding out the best from the derived outcomes. Machine Learning makes the whole process fast and accurate.
Fraud Scores For Fraud Detection
There always exists large amounts of data. Machines are trained using these data sets that are pre-labeled as frauds. These labels are based on earlier records of confirmed fraudulent activities.
The machines are then trained using this labeled set of data. These data sets are now called as training sets. By a named label, the machine is taught to determine if a new transaction or a particular customer is likely to be a fraudster based on a score of 0 to 100, being the probability.
This score enhances the ability of a business to ensure a considerable reduction in frauds by providing accurate predictions.
Related Reading: Check on to this Infographic to learn more about Machine Learning.
Can Machine Learning Actually Predict And Prevent Fraudsters?
Designing as well as being able to apply algorithms that are on the basis of data sets from the past, enables to analyze frequent patterns in these data sets. These patterns in data via the algorithm are taught to machines and these machines considerably reduce human effort.
These algorithms help businesses boost predictive analysis. Predictive analysis is important for data reduction by using statistical modeling techniques that help in predicting future business outcomes on the basis of past data patterns. In fact, among many businesses, 75 percent of them find growth to be their main source of value, whereas 60 percent of some others believe that it is nothing else but predictive analytics that is the key to deriving value!
Machine learning algorithms are not only used in predictive analytics, but also in image recognition, detecting spam, and so on. Machine Learning can be trained by a 3 phase system.
So to be able to predict an occurrence of fraud in large volumes of data sets and transactions, cognitive technologies of computing are applied to raw and unprocessed data.
Machine Learning thus facilitates, prediction and prevention of fraudsters for the following key factors:
- Scalability: Larger the data sets, increased is the effectiveness of machine learning algorithms. Initially, the machine learns which transaction/data sets are fraudulent and which ones are safe, the machines are well able to predict such cases in future transactions.
- Readiness: Manual tasks are time-consuming. These are not preferred by clients. Hence, machine learning strategies are used to acquire faster results. Machine learning algorithms process a large number of data sets in real-time to customers. Machine Learning frequently and periodically analyzes and processes new data sets. Advanced models like neural networks have provisions for autonomous updations in real-time.
- Productivity: The need to perform redundant tasks reduces productivity. The continuous repetitive task of data analysis is performed by Machine Learning algorithms and prompts for human intervention only when required.
Machine Learning Methods – Using White Boxes And Ongoing Monitoring To Detect Fraudsters
What does a machine learning system do? The methods adopted and the various approaches used for this are termed Whiteboxes, as there is no definite method or model to analyze the score obtained. Similarly, regular and ongoing monitoring is critical for a machine learning system to identify the trends and data statistics on a regular basis.
How Fraudsters Are Detected And Prevented By Using Machine Learning
Data sets are initially collected and partitioned. The machine learning model is taught the sets in order to predict data fraud. The following are the steps in which Machine Learning implements and performs fraud detection:
- Data Partitioning: The data is segmented into working in three different phases such as training the machine, testing for data sets and finally, cross-checking of the prediction results.
- Obtaining Results of Historical Data: To obtain such data sets, training sets have to be first provided to the machine that includes input values associated with its corresponding output values. This helps in predicting and detecting frauds.
- Predicting Anomalies, If Any: Based on the input and output data, predictions are determined by analyzing the anomalies or fraud cases in the data sets. For this, building models are used. This can be done by many techniques such as using Decision Trees, Logistic Regression, Neural Networks, and Random Forests, etc.
- Out of the techniques, Neural Networks are quick in processing results by analyzing data sets and helps in making decisions in real-time. It does so by observing regular patterns of frauds in earlier cases of data sets given to it for learning.
In a nutshell, Machine Learning is proving to be the right technology in detecting and preventing fraudsters from malicious activities. If banks start using machine learning systems, it could analyze unstructured data and prevent customer’s accounts from fraudulent activities. To know more about how you can empower machine learning and other technology trends to secure data, get in touch with our IT experts today!